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United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992

21 March 1994

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) entered into force on 21 March 1994. South Africa ratified the UNFCCC on 29 August 1997 and became a Party to this Convention on 27 November 1997. South Africa is listed as a Non-Annex I country.

Protocols under this Convention:

The Paris Agreement and other decisions

In accordance with Article 21, paragraph 1, of the Paris Agreement, the Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date on which at least 55 Parties to the Convention accounting in total for at least an estimated 55 % of the total global greenhouse gas emissions have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Depositary. The 55% threshold was reached on 5 October 2016 and the agreement therefore entered into force on 4 November 2016. South Africa ratified the agreement on 1 November 2016.

To view the other decisions and agreements made under this Convention, visit

Related Policy Documents

South Africa: draft Reports to the UNFCCC